bengal-tigerThe Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) or Indian tiger is a tiger subspecies native to South Asia, and is the national animal of India and Bangladesh.

The Bengal tiger is the most numerous tiger subspecies with populations estimated at 1,520โ€“1,909 in India, 440 in Bangladesh, 124โ€“229 in Nepal and 67โ€“81 in Bhutan.

Bengal is traditionally fixed as the typical locality for the binomial Panthera tigris, to which the British taxonomist Reginald Innes Pocock subordinated the Bengal tiger in 1929 under the trinomial Panthera tigris tigris.

Since 2010, it has been classified as an endangered species by IUCN. The total population is estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals with a decreasing trend, and none of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes within the Bengal tiger’s range is large enough to support an effective population size of 250 adult individuals.

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