Being characterised by friendly feelings and understanding, Bangladesh and Sweden enjoy excellent bilateral relations. The relations are well reflected in the economic co-operation between the two countries in various sectors of our development. The platform was laid through the support of the Swedish Government and the people for the great cause of our War of Liberation in 1971, according recognition in 1972 and subsequent financial assistances provided for the reconstruction of the war-ravaged economy. This co-operation continues to develop further to the mutual benefit. The common perceptions on all global issues have brought the two countries closer.
ACCLAMATION ON BANGLADESH
IMFcommented on the economy of Bangladesh as resilient. It reports that Bangladesh continues to generate strong growthdriven by consumer spending and investment. The consistent growth of more than 6 per cent over the last decade has been significantly lifting per capita income through which poverty has declined steadily and other social indicatorshave improved significantly. Throughout this process, the country has diversified away from an agrarian to a more manufacturing-based economy.
Citi Investment Research & Analysisreportedthat Bangladesh is one of the countries having the most promising (per capita) growth prospects.
Goldman Sachs branded Bangladesh in ‘Next 11’-list after the BRIC nations.
The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) dismissed the previous branding of Bangladesh as ‘Basket Case’, No More. It considers Bangladesh as an emerging market economy with high potentials.
JPMorganChase commented that Bangladesh ranks fourth in growth in economically active population.
Morgan Stanley has commented that Bangladesh is at the very early stages of an investment boom…
New York Times has termed Bangladesh as “an unlikely corner of Asia, strong promise of growth”.
HSBC reports that Bangladesh will be the 26th largest economy in 2030.
KEY SECTORS IN BANGLADESH FOR INVESTMENT
The major sectors for investment are: IT, ship-building, agro-based industries, leather and leather products, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, frozen fish, plastic, furniture, home textile, jute & jute products, tourism, etc.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been considered as the driving force for achieving ‘Vision 2021’ and thus to transform Bangladesh into a self-reliance middle income country. In order to realize the above mentioned goal, Bangladesh Hi-Tech Park Authority (BHTPA), core responsible entity in Bangladesh for developing Hi-Tech Park/Software Technology Park (STP)/IT Village and thus to boost up the IT sector of the country, offers-
- Tax/Customs duty exemption up to 100% for the potential developers/ IT/ITES companies/Hi-Tech industries;
- Freedom of ownership;
- No limit on FDI;
- World-class physical Infrastructure with utilities;
- One Stop Service;
- Knowledgeable workers with cheap cost;
- Increasing Global Confidence with the pursuit that Bangladesh has been recognized as one of the most attractive global IT destinations;
- Kaliakoir Hi-Tech Park
The 232 acres-park (extendable by more 97 acres) is located at a distance of 40 km north from central Dhaka city and 25 km from the HazratShahjalal International Airport. This park is developing through Public-Private Partnership Model. Presently, two developers have been developing the park. All basic infrastructures such as approach road, alternate road, gas, fiber optical connectivity one stop service centre etc. have been established through World Bank funded project ‘Support to Development of Kaliakoir Hi-Tech Park’.
- Jessore Software Technology Park
Located in Jessore, a south-western district town of Bangladesh, the park has an area of 9.18 acre. This park offers a world class business environment encompassing a 15 storied multi-tenant building, 12 storied Dormitory Building, Sub-station, FiberOptic Line and Amphitheatre with all other ancillary facilities.
- Janata Tower Software Technology Park
The first state-level Software Technology Park in Dhaka is a 12-storied multi-tenant building with conducive business environment for IT/ITES companies.
- Mohakhali IT Village on 47 acres land at Mohakhali in Dhaka
- Sylhet Electronic City on 162.83 acres land
- Barandra Silicon City in Rajshahi on 34 acres land
- IT training and incubation center in Natore
- 12(Twelve) IT Park at different Divisional/District Cities of Bangladesh
- IT Business Incubator at Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology, Chittagong.
- 7(Seven) IT Training and Incubation Center
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN BANGLADESH
Bangladesh offers the most liberal and sound FDI regime in South Asia, allowing 100% foreign equity ownership with unrestricted exit policy. Almost all the sectors are open for Foreign Investment without any quantitative restriction. Due to competitive wages, low energy prices, it is found that the production cost in Bangladesh compared to Japan is less than half. Bangladesh offers the most generous incentive packages in the South Asian region which include the followings:
- Reduced import duty on machinery and spares;
- Bonded warehousing facilities for export oriented industries;
- Funds for export promotion;
- Export credit guarantee scheme;
- Domestic market sales upto 20% allowed to export oriented companies outside EPZ (relevant duties applied);
- Cash incentives and export subsidies granted in the FOB values ranging from 5% to 20% on selected products;
- Corporate tax holiday from 5 to 10 years for selected sectors;
- Accelerated depreciation on cost of machinery for new industries in lieu of tax holiday;
- Avoidance of Double Taxation under Bilateral Tax Convention;
- Tariff Concessions on Import of raw materials of the export oriented industries;
- 100% foreign equity;
- Unrestricted exit policy;
- Remittance of royalty, technical know-how, and technical assistance fees;
- Full repatriation of dividends and capital;
- Full-fledge One Stop Service Centre;
ADVANTAGES FOR THE INVESTORS
Industrious and Competitive Workforce
Bangladesh offers a well-educated, highly adaptive and industrious workforce with the competitive wages and salaries in this region as studied by international agencies. About 57.3% of the population is under the age of 25, providing a youthful group for engagement. The labour force working towards developing its skill set to meet global standards. The country has consistently developing a skilled work force catering to diverse needs. English is widely spoken in Bangladesh.
Strategic Location, Regional Connectivity and Worldwide Access
Bangladesh is strategically located next to India, China and ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Countries) countries. The economic corridors in the south and south-east Asian region such as BCIM (Bangladesh, China, India, and Myanmar), BIBM (Bangladesh, India, Bhutan and Myanmar) are taking tangible shape and becoming a hub of opportunity for Bangladesh. Gradually Bangladesh is integrating in the global value chain hence the importance as an investment destination for Bangladesh is also attracting the global attention.
Strong Local Market and Growth
Along with her global presence in terms of export potential the domestic market of 160 million populations with rising per capita and brand consciousness is also alluring the foreign investors to consider Bangladesh as an attractive investment location.
Low Cost of Energy
Energy prices in Bangladesh are the most competitive in the region. Since 2009, the Energy production has grown in mammoth scale. Currently the installed capacity is more than 15000 MW and by the end of 2021, it will reach 23000 MW. Furthermore, under regional arrangement adequate power is being imported from neighbouring countries.
Proven Export Competitiveness
Bangladesh enjoys tariff-free access to the European Union, Canada and Japan in RMG sector. In the EU, Bangladesh enjoys 60% of RMG market share and is the top manufacturing exporter amongst the LDC countries. By 2019, Bangladesh is expected to become market leader in RMG sector. To balance the trade portfolio Bangladesh is focusing on trade diversification based on non-traditional markets. Adequate incentives are offered to encourage export in those areas. New markets for existing and prospective goods are on the pursuit.
Bangladesh offers the most liberal FDI regime in South Asia, allowing 100% foreign equity ownership with unrestricted exit policy, almost all the sectors are open for foreign investment without any quantitative restriction. The incentives offer can be summarized as under:
- 5 to 10 years for selected sectors
- Upto 10 years for infrastructure
- Upto 10 years for EZs
- in lieu of tax holiday
Double tax avoidance under DTTs
- capital machinery
- import of raw materials
Bonded warehousing for export oriented industries
- Exporting selected products at the rate of 5-20% based on the FOB value of the exportable goods.
Export Processing Zones
Bangladesh offers export oriented industrial enclaves with infrastructural facilities and logistical support for local and foreign investors. As of now 8 export processing zones (EPZs) operating in Bangladesh in the various parts of the country. In these enclaves 566 enterprises are registered among which 445 are functional.
Bangladesh Economic Zones
Bangladesh is building100 Economic Zones (EZs) in various parts of the country to create structured and balanced investment so that arable lands and habitats can be least subjected. Bangladesh targets to develop all the proposed EZs within next 15 years.
The broader visions for creating these zones are:
- Create 10 million employment opportunities
- Foster industrialization by increasing additional export of USD 40 billion.
The policy perspective to develop zones would be as the following:
- Comprehensive industrial Infrastructure;
- Owned and regulated by the Government, but managed by the private sector;
- Encompasses multiple business sectors within each zone;
- Combine both bonded and non-bonded area;
- Inclusion of non-processing & domestic area;
- Inclusion of FDI and local investment
Currently 11 of the zones are functioning and 79 are under construction.
A largely homogenous society with people living in harmony irrespective of race and religion, Bangladesh is a democratic country enjoying broad support for private investment. The legal and policy framework for business is conducive for foreign investment. The people are hospitable to foreigners.
The country is enjoying macroeconomic stability for a good time period. The foreign exchange rate and exports are suitable; the inflation is well within the tolerable range in terms of the food and non-food segment. The country rating in terms of risk perception is also stable.
The corporate taxes of Fiscal Year 2016-17 for various entities can be summarized as follows:
|Corporate Tax: (on net profit)
|Publicly Traded Company
|Non- Publicly Traded Company
|Bank, Insurances, Financial Institution (listed)
|Bank, Insurances, Financial Institution (not-listed)
|Cell Phone Company (40% if listed)
|Cigarette producing companies
|Personal Taxes (Based on defined income slabs)
To promote non-traditional sectors export incentives on selected products are given at the rate of 5-20% based on the FOB value of the export proceeds. The item wise details for the FY 2016-17 are summarized as follows:
|New market and product expansion of textile market (except US, Canada, and EU)
|Export oriented local textiles (instead of duty drawback and custom bond)
|Additional facility for SME textile
|Ship building, SME in textile industry, export of bone powder, potato, jute thread,crust leather from Savar leather park
|Exporting frozen shrimp and fishes
|Diversified Jute products, Hessian, and sacking (jute finished goods)
|Frozen fish (based on ice coating0
|ship export, potato, PET
|light engineering products, furniture, leather goods
|Handmade products using straw, sugarcane extract
|Agro-processing and agricultural produce (vegetable and fruit), potato export, halal meat, vegetable seed, carbon from jute straw
Protection on Investment
According to industrial Policy 2016, Bangladesh welcomes foreign private investment in all areas of the economy and there is no restriction on the amount of share of the investment. Foreign investors are eligible to take advantage of a wide range of generous tax concessions and other fiscal incentives and facilities.Foreign investment in Bangladesh is secure vis-a-vis nationalization and expropriation. The Foreign Private Investment (Promoting and Protection) Act 1980 ensures full protection to foreign investors. Furthermore, Bangladesh is a signatory to MIGA, OPIC, ICSID, WAIPA, WIPO and WTO. Also Bangladesh has signed bilateral investment treaties with 32 countries (List-A) for promotion and protection of investment. To ease the investors from paying double tax Bangladesh has signed Avoidance of Double Taxation Treaty (DTT) with 28 countries (List-B). Bangladesh has also signed multilateral and regional treaties such as APTA, BIMSTEC, IORA,SAPTA,SAFTA,SAFAS,COMCEC,TPS-OIC, Preferential Trade with D-8 Countries etc. to conveniently access market and investment opportunities.In addition, Bangladesh has signed trade agreements with 45 countries for trade facilitation among the countries.
Austria, DPR Korea, Thailand, Belgium, Republic of Korea, the UK, Canada, Malaysia, USA, China, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, France, Poland, Vietnam, Germany, Romania, Singapore, Indonesia, Switzerland, Denmark, Iran, the Netherlands, India, Italy, the Philippines, UAE, Japan, Turkey and Belarus
Canada, Poland, Norway, China, Romania, Turkey, Denmark, Singapore, Vietnam, France, Republic of Korea, Philippines, Germany, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, India, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Thailand